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A lid that is used to close the barrel. Formerly made of wood, completed by a jute square (gueille), it is now most often made of silicone, more watertight.
The racking is done either by the bung or by the dodge which is a small hole at the bottom of the barrel. The cellar master can choose to mature his wines with a “bung on top” to promote gas exchange or with a “side bung” for a better watertightness. With the advent of silicone bungs, bung-top ageing, which is much more practical (if only to take a sample…) has become widespread.
Expression girondine: “to be drunk like a bung’s head” (bung’s head: square burlap that is put under the bung).